Posted on September 25 2018
The big forests and why they are so worth protecting
There is hardly a human being left untouched by the magic of a forest. Especially if it is a largely natural forest and not a forest or commercial forest. In metropolitan areas, it is easy to lose touch with nature, and indeed, the great forests of this world are constantly besieged - for logging to expand the human habitat to exploit natural resources. However, large parts of our green planet are still covered by forests, and we should see that stays that way.
Forests are amazing
Forests are everywhere where there is enough light and heat, favorable soil conditions and water. Only less than a third of the mainland mass of our planet is currently forested. Trees directly after the oceans are the most important reservoirs for CO2. Forests store about 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon every year and significantly influence the carbon dioxide balance of our atmosphere. Going to the woods, not only does the climate suffer. The soil and the groundwater balance are also destabilized. The likelihood of landslides, floods or droughts increases radically.
The great forests of the earth
One of the largest forests in the world is the huge coniferous forest that stretches from northern Norway to Siberia and Alaska. The so-called Euro-Asian boreal forest extends almost unbroken across three continents and invites you to the longest forest walk in the world! Equally extensive but at risk is the South American rainforest on the Amazon. Large areas are constantly being cut down, although research admits that many animal and plant species are either not yet known or not yet sufficiently researched. Especially in the forests of the Amazon natural remedies could hide for many diseases that we do not even know.
An equally fascinating extensive rainforest lies in - Canada! The National Park of British Columbia on Canada's west coast protects the world's only subtropical rainforest, where it gets quite wet but rarely hot. If you want to see giant trees, you can do so in Sequoia National Park, California, where the redwood trees, over one hundred meters high, are strictly protected. And even in the middle of Europe, there are large, natural forests such as the Bialowiecza Forest. On the border between Poland and Belarus lies one of the largest forests in Europe with an ancient oak population. Even today, the Bialowiecza Forest is home to the European bison or bison and is well worth a visit.
The forest: benefit - protection - recreation
For humans, animals and the environment, forests are multifunctional treasures. Because they fulfill essential functions in the three areas of benefit, protection and recovery. And they are by no means all related to man and his needs. The benefits of the forest go far beyond industrial logging or picking mushrooms on a forest walk. In the widest sense, it also includes the benefits of the forest, for example, for the production of seeds in tree reproduction, as well as the use of wild stocks for high-quality meat, which can be obtained by hunting.
The protective function of the forest is indeed amazing - forests filter and conserve water and thus contribute to the preservation of clean groundwater. In addition, trees produce oxygen through the process of photosynthesis. Forests are the green lungs of our planet. And they also do a great deal in protecting species, because they provide a habitat for 80% of the world's fauna and flora.
And you do not have to say many words about the recovery function - who does not feel refreshed and invigorated after a forest walk?
Worth knowing about the forest
Alone in the German forest are about 90 different species of trees and shrubs. The appearance of the forest is, however, half of the coniferous trees, especially of pine and spruce. Even the beech is well represented with 16%, only 9% makes the "German" oak. In addition to trees and shrubs, the forest provides more than a thousand other plants a habitat and is the perfect place for thousands of animal species. The benefits of forests are now undisputed, and therefore almost half of the forest areas in Germany are classified as landscape protection areas, over a third are even nature parks. There are particularly strict protection requirements in dedicated nature reserves or biosphere reserves.
Timber production is used for forests, where more than 100 million m³ of wood grow each year in Germany alone. Not all of this is used immediately, in other words like, because an increasingly sustainable forestry is subject to the PEFC and FSC seals and ensures the care and preservation of forest stands.
We at NIKIN want our forests to be preserved. That's why we plant a tree for every product sold - at more than 10 locations worldwide. Of course, the same species are not planted everywhere, but locally suitable trees that are selected by experts.